Mine engineering comes with its own unique complexities, one of these being controlling water in the mining environment. Underground mining can mean that the water table may be breached in the process of digging the mine and extracting minerals or ore. The mining tunnels need to be re-enforced and water proofed to ensure that the water does not affect the mining process. This water can also be come hazardous to the safety of the mining personnel working underground and measures must be taken to enhance their level of safety. A mine shaft that is flooded may collapse trapping and injuring miners in the process of extracting minerals.
Another problem to address in mine engineering is rain water that can enter the tunnels and cause floods and wear away at the tunnel walls. The mining tunnels must be engineered and constructed to minimise the amount of rain water entering the tunnels as much as possible. Drainage canals and pipes are used outside the mine shafts to divert water away from the entrance to the tunnels. High pressure water drills and tools may also be used in the mining process and measures must also be taken to drain this water away from the tunnels using pumps, hoses, pipes and other mechanisms.
Water is the most highly corrosive force in nature and wherever water flows, corrosion and deterioration can take place. This corrosion normally takes time to cause damage in the natural environment but in a mine, loose ground and soil created in the mining process speeds up the corrosion process. Eliminating water from the mining environment is the best way to prevent his corrosion and is a challenging task for any mining engineer.
For further information on mine engineering applications for the extraction of water and prevention of water damage, simply contact Gast.